ADON OLAM


ADON OLAM
ADON OLAM (Heb. אֲדוֹן עוֹלָם; "Lord of the World"), rhymed liturgical hymn in 12 verses (in the Ashkenazi rite) extolling the eternity and unity of God and expressing man's absolute trust in His providence. The Sephardi rite has 16 verses. The author is unknown, though it has been attributed to solomon ibn gabirol (11th century). It may, however, be much older and stem from Babylonia. The hymn has appeared as part of the liturgy since the 14th century in the German rite and has spread to almost every rite and community. It was incorporated into the initial section of the Shaḥarit Service, but it has been suggested on the basis of the penultimate line that it originally formed the conclusion of the Night Prayers where it also still appears. Its main place now is at the conclusion of the Sabbath and festival Musaf Service (with the Sephardim even on the Day of Atonement) and of the kol nidrei service . Adon Olam has become a popular hymn. In Morocco it serves as a wedding song and it is also recited by those present at a deathbed. The hymn has been translated several times into English verse, among others by George Borrow in his Lavengro (reprinted in Hertz, Prayer, p. 1005) and by Israel Zangwill (reprinted ibid., 7, 9), and into other European languages. adon olam   -Music Adon Olam is generally sung by the congregation. In the Ashkenazi tradition it is also sometimes rendered by the cantor on certain festive occasions, and then the melody is adapted to the nosaḥ of the section of the prayer into which it is incorporated. The great number of melodies for Adon Olam includes both individual settings, and borrowings from Jewish and Gentile sources. Ex. 3, from Djerba, is a North African "general" melody for piyyutim. Two versions from Germany in Idelsohn (Melodien, 7 (1932), nos. 59 and 336) both borrow the western Ashkenazi melody of Omnam Ken, while no. 346a is a German folk tune. A melody from Tangiers (I. Levy, Antologia, 1 (1965), no. 96) is the tune of the Romance Esta Rahel la estimoza. The composed or adapted tunes are mostly based upon a strict measure of four or three beats, both equally suitable for conforming to the ḥazak-meter of the text – one short and three longs. The melody is sung in many schools in Israel at the end of the pupils' morning prayer (in 4/4 measure; cf. the same, in 3/4 measure, YE, vol. 1, p. 514). Salamone de' rossi included an eight-voice composition of Adon Olam in his Ha-Shirim Asher li-Shelomo (Venice, 1622/23). (Avigdor Herzog) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Elbogen, Gottesdienst, 88; Abrahams, Companion, vii–ix; Davidson, Oẓar, 1 (1924), 29, no. 575; C. Roth, Essays and Portraits (1962), 295 ff.; Baer S., Seder, 35; idem, Toẓe'ot Ḥayyim (1871), 57. MUSIC: Sendrey, Music, indexes.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Adon Olam — Adon Olam, avec paroles et mélodie, de la Jewish Encyclopedia. Adon Olam (Hébreu: אֲדוֹן עוֹלָם, litt. Seigneur du Monde ) est l un des seuls hymnes strictement métriques de la liturgie juive, dans lequel la noblesse de langage et le lissage de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adon olam — Adon Olam, avec paroles et mélodie, de la Jewish Encyclopedia. Adon Olam (Hébreu: אֲדוֹן עוֹלָם, litt. Seigneur du Monde ) est l un des seuls hymnes strictement métriques de la liturgie juive, dans lequel la noblesse de langage et le lissage de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adon Olam — ( he. אֲדוֹן עוֹלָם; Lord of the World ) is one of the few strictly metrical hymns in the Jewish liturgy, the nobility of the diction of which and the smoothness of whose versification have given it unusual importance. According to the custom of… …   Wikipedia

  • Adon Olam — 3 verschiedene Vertonungen von Adon Olam Adon Olam (hebr. אֲדוֹן עוֹלָם, Herr der Welt) sind die Anfangsworte einer Hymne, welche die Ewigkeit und Einheit Gottes sowie das menschliche Vertrauen in seine Vorsehung ausdrückt. Die aschkenasische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adon Olam — /ah dohn oh lahm /, Judaism. a liturgical prayer or hymn expressing the faith of Israel in God, often sung in unison usually at the close of a service. [ < Heb adhon olam lit., Lord of the world] * * * …   Universalium

  • Adon Olam — /ah dohn oh lahm /, Judaism. a liturgical prayer or hymn expressing the faith of Israel in God, often sung in unison usually at the close of a service. [ < Heb adhon olam lit., Lord of the world] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Olam — is a Hebrew word which means world and may refer to: Businesses Olam International, a multinational business based in Singapore which supplies commodity products to food packaging industries. Media HaOlam HaZeh a now dufunct weekly Israeli… …   Wikipedia

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  • Yigdal — ; yighdal ; means Magnify [O Living God] ) is a Jewish hymn which in various rituals shares with Adon Olam the place of honor at the opening of the morning and the close of the evening service. It is based on the 13 Articles of Faith (sometimes… …   Wikipedia

  • CHOIRS — A choir is a group of singers who perform together either in unison, or, more usually, in parts. Some choirs are composed of professional singers who are paid for their art, while others are associations of amateurs who come together for social… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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